Neighbourhood history

History of Tverskoy District

History of Tverskoy District

Moscow is a dynamic city of contrasts and combinations in architecture, art and culture. Combination of the past and the future contribute in many ways to the individuality of the city. Our hotel located in Tverskoy district, the central part of the Russian capital, will give you an excellent opportunity to explore the uniqueness of Moscow.

Tverskaya street, the main and probably best-known radial street of Moscow, runs from the central Manege Square north-west in the direction of Saint Petersburg and terminated at the Garden Ring, giving its name to Tverskoy District. The route continues further as First Tverskaya-Yamskaya Street, Leningradsky Prospekt and Leningradskoye Shosse.

Importance of Tverskaya Street for the city was immense since the 12th century when it connected Moscow with its superior chief rival, Tver. Old wooden road to Tver, changing its course over Middle Ages, settled in its present site in 16th century. The first stone bridge across the Neglinnaya was set up in 1595.

For a long time Tverskaya remained the main Moscow thoroughfare. In 1933 first Moscow trolley went between Ploshchad Revolyutsii and Belorussky Rail Terminal.

Nowadays Tverskaya is the centre of Moscows social life, fashionable street offering designer shops, leafy parks, great restaurants and a wealth of art and culture. Residence of the Mayor of Moscow, expanded to its current state in the 1940s from the old Mayors house (1778-82) is also located here.

In 1954, in commemoration of Moscows 800th anniversary, a monument to Yuri Dolgorukiy was erected on Tverskaya Street, in front of the Moscow municipality. Muscovites have cherished Yuris memory as the legendary founder of city.

The famous grocery store Eliseevsky, opened a long time ago in 1901, is considered to be the first one in Moscow till now. The house, situated in the historic center of Moscow in Tverskaya Street, 14, at the end of nineties of 19 century the house was bought by trader of St.Petersburg, the millionaire, Grigiry Eliseev, the tradesman of wine and colonial produce, the owner of the biggest grocery store in Nevsky avenue, in St.Petersburg in Russia. The store became famous not only for its big variety of products, but for luxurious decoration of sales areas in Neo-Baroque taste. Huge crystal chandeliers, reminding of bunches of grapes, decorate high archs of the sales area. Eliseevsky remaind a traditional, old store, the same as it was earlier.

Moscow Art Theatre was founded in 1897 by Constantin Stanislavski and Vladimir Nemirovich-Danchenko. It was conceived as a venue for naturalistic theatre, in contrast to the melodramas that were Russias dominant form of theatre at the time. The theatre quickly became famous when it staged productions of Anton Chekhovs four major works, beginning with The Seagull. Gorki wrote about the theatre: ... Its as good and significant as Tretiakov Gallery, St. Basil Cathedral and all the best in Moscow.

At the beginning of Tverskoy boulevard is a famous statue of Pushkin, funded by public conscription and opened by Ivan Turgenev and Feodor Dostoevsky in 1880.

Dmitrovka Street also developed rapidly after the fire of 1648, as marked by the one-of-a-kind eight-tented church of Nativity in Putinki. Unusually for Moscow outskirts, it was financed by the State, as the church was located near the Embassy Inn, home to foreign guests. The Church of Nativity in Putinki is one of the most picturesque churches in Moscow and the last major tent-like church in the history of Russian architecture. There are 17 churches in Tverskoy District.

An important page of the district history is connected with Smolensk railroad station, built in 1870. Current building known as Belorussky Rail Terminal was completed in 1909. This Terminal became a gateway to Europe. Its also very popular with cinematographers; it was featured in Bellorussky Railway Station, The Cranes Are Flying, The Barber of Siberia.

There are much more interesting facts about the district where the Holiday Inn Moscow Lesnaya is located. The hotel will provide you with accommodation from which you explore the central district of Moscow, covered with glory and directed into the future.

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