Meshchane ináImperial Russia denoted aásocial estate ofápoor town residents who did not qualify asámerchants orácivil servants; inámodern Russian, itáisáaápejorative name for aánarrow-minded philistine. Meschansky District acquired its name earlier, ináthe second half ofá17th century, through the Ukrainians and Belarusians abducted from their hometowns ináthe course ofáRusso-Polish War (1654ľ1667). These people settled north from present-day Garden Ring, reaching 692 households byá1682. Inátheir languages, meshchane meant simply źtown people╗, źthe locals╗, without negative connotation; the name ofáMeshchanskaya sloboda persists toádate. Meshchanskaya sloboda became aáconsiderable commercial and handicraft district ofáMoscow; itáhas aálocal self-government which was very progressive for those days.
Three-quarters ofáall the archeological reserves onáthe territory ofáMoscow are located ináMeshchansky district, and most ofáits landmarks are considered asáhistorical and cultural heritage ofáthe capital. Ancient palatary, tenement houses, mansions are well-known architectural monuments.
Bolshaya Lubyanka Street isácontinued byáSretenka and then byáProspect mira. These streets were thoroughfare running north-east and leading toáVladimir and Yaroslavl. Since olden days the road was used byápilgrims going toáthe Trinity Lavra ofáSt. Sergius which isáthe most important Russian monastery and the spiritual centre ofáthe Russian Orthodox Church. The monastery isásituated ináthe town ofáSergiyev Posad, about 90ákm toáthe north-east from Moscow byáthe road leading toáYaroslavl.
źChemistsĺ garden╗ was laid out iná1706 byáPeter the Great onáthe territory ofáMeshchansky district. Later itábecame the first Botanical Garden ofáMoscow. The hothouse collections goáback toáthe late 18th century and are ofágreat scientific value. But the Botanical Gardens are not just for experts. Once inside, itĺs hard toábelieve that youĺre close toáthe centre ofáEuropeĺs biggest city, and itĺs aáwonderful place toácome toáget away from the noise and stress ofáurban living. The gardens change their character and their attractions according toáthe season, and the enormous greenhouses mean that even ináthe depths ofáwinter thereĺs plenty toásee.
The district isáalso famous for its other gardens and parks such asáEkaterininsky Garden, Festivalny Park, Sretensky and Rozdestvensky, Tsvetnoy boulevards.
Tsvetnoy Boulevard was laid out ináthe 1830s toáreplace the river-bed ofáthe Neglinnaya after this rivulet and the adjacent large pond had been earthedáup. Its name isáderived from the Russian word for źflowers╗, alluding toáthe nearby flower market. The street gives its name toáaáMoscow metro station Tsvetnoi Bulvar. The most notable landmarks are the Moscow Circus onáTsvetnoy Boulevard and aálofty column supporting the statue ofáSaint George slaying the dragon (i.e., coat ofáarms ofáMoscow).
Rostokinsky Aqueduct, also known asáMillionny Bridge, isáaástone aqueduct built iná1780-1804. Itáisáthe only remaining aqueduct ináMoscow, once aápart ofáMytishchi Water Supply, Moscowĺs first centralized water utility. The Aqueduct was commissioned byáCatherine IIáofáRussia toáengineer Friedrich Wilhelm Bauer. Construction, frequently interrupted, dragged for 25áyears. Finally, the aqueduct was completed atáanáunprecedented cost ofá2ámillion roubles, thus the name Millionny Bridge. Aqueduct was renovated, furnished with hand-rails and false decorative roof and open for visitors iná2007/2008.
Weáhope that unique atmosphere ofáMeshchansky district will make your stay atáHoliday Inn Moscow Suschevsky remarkable and our hotel will beáaáperfect place toástart exploring Russian capital.